The Coral Triangle, centered on the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Timor Leste and the Solomon Islands, has the most bio-diverse coral reefs in the world, with between 500 and 600 species of coral in each country.
Coral Triangle is globally recognised as the epi-centre of marine biodiversity on the planet. With more than 600 coral species and 3,000 fish species, the Coral Triangle is home to 76% of the world’s coral species and 37% of the world’s reef fish species. Over 120 million people rely directly on its coral reefs for food and income security. The coral reefs of the Coral Triangle and livelihoods of fishers and their communities are threatened by destructive fishing and over fishing.